Divine command theorists william p alston i the basic idea behind a divine command theory of ethics is that what i morally ought or ought not to do is determined by what god commands me to do or avoid this, of course, gets spelled out in different ways by different theorists in this paper i shall not try to establish a. There is a class of metaethical and normative views that commonly goes by the name 'divine command theory' what all members of this class have in common is that they hold that what god wills is relevant to determining the moral status of some set of entities (acts, states of affairs, character traits, etc,. Today we will be discussing divine command theory but first i will give a (very) brief overview of the semester, and the discipline of philosophy why do this one of the functions of an introductory class is to introduce you to the subject matter in such a way that you will be in a position to decide whether it is something you. Divine command ethics holds that an action is right if god has decreed that it is right, and wrong if god has decreed that it is wrong an action is morally obligatory if god commands it, and morally prohibited if god commands its negative(1) moral obligations thus arise from god's commands the rightness of any action. In this lesson, you'll find out why some philosophers argue for the existence of god you will explore what divine command theorists see as the. Now, right away someone can object to divine command theory on the grounds that good and evil become arbitrary to the whim of god if good and evil are solely based on the whim of god, then morality is merely a will to power or “might makes right” since god is mightier than any of us, morality boils down to “his way or. Divine command theory philosophers both past and present have sought to defend theories of ethics that are grounded in a theistic framework roughly, divine command theory is the view that morality is somehow dependent upon god, and that moral obligation consists in obedience to god's commands divine. Definition of divine command theories of ethics – our online dictionary has divine command theories of ethics information from encyclopedia of philosophy dictionary encyclopediacom: english, psychology and medical dictionaries.
'divine command theory' is the theory that what makes something morally right is that god commands it, and what makes something morally wrong is that god forbids it this is the second part of my original oupblog post of the many objections to this theory, the four main ones are that it makes morality. If (b) is true, god's commands themselves create all truths about goodness and badness the philosophical fork in the road between (a) and (b) is known as the “ euthyphro dilemma,” since a version of it appears in plato's dialogue the euthyphro to accept (b) is to accept divine command theory about. This chapter addresses the greatest fear about divine commands – that god may command something evil – focusing on a modernized version of genesis 22, in which abraham finds it difficult to reject any of the following jointly incompatible beliefs: whatever god commands is not morally wrong to do, god commands me to.
Divine command theory the divine command theory (dct) of ethics holds that an act is either moral or immoral solely because god either commands us to do it or prohibits us from doing it, respectively on dct the only thing that makes an act morally wrong is that god prohibits doing it, and all that it means to say that. A defensible divine command theory edward wierenga university of rochester the term 'the divine command theory of ethics' is similar to 'the ontological argument' in that there is no unique entity deserving of that title rather, there is a multiplicity of theories, each of which is appropriately taken to be a. Divine command theories of metaethics are commonly rejected on the basis of the euthyphro problem in this paper, i argue that the euthyphro can be raised for all forms of moral realism i go on to argue that this does not matter as the euthyphro is not really a problem after all i then briefly outline some of. Any form of non-religious morality is obviously made categorically impossible in this view the upside is that, from this viewpoint, quoting scripture at people like an asshat is considered ethical hooray despite the name divine command theory containing the word theory, adherents reliably fail to apply.
I'm slated to teach moral theory next quarter, and i'm confronting a problem that's plagued me in the past: whether (and how) to teach the divine command theory ( dct) of ethics i've taught it in past courses, and have never felt entirely satisfied with how it's gone here are the issues as i see it: 1 motivating. The divine command theory says that an act is moral if it follows the command of god god's commands dictate right and wrong—what he says to do is right, and what he says not to do is wrong morality is not based on human intent or human nature or human character and it is not based on the consequence of the action. Divine command theory states that god arbitrarily declares what is right and wrong.
One of the basic tenets for divine command theory is to use god as the source for all principles in this way, to rely upon divine command theory, a person must believe that there is a willful and rational god that has provided the direction toward an ethical outcome it is from god's commands that actions are determined to be. Divine command theory 1 divine command theory: this is the view that rightness stems from god's commands: that is, an action is right if god commands it, and wrong if he forbids it on this view, morality is dependent on god 2 the dilemma: socrates asks euthyphro, “is the pious being loved by the gods because it is. In responding to matthew flannagan's rebuttal to walter sinnott-armstrong's argument that ethical naturalism is more plausible than william lane craig's divine command theory of moral obligation (dct), this author finds flannagan incorrect on almost every point any defense of dct is fallaciously.
This chapter considers a number of metaethical accounts which are often regarded as rivals to a divine command account the chapter argues that some of them, such as ethical naturalism, ethical non-naturalism, and sensibility theories, are actually not rivals to a divine command account when developed in a reasonable. As always, this is best appreciated as a pdf, but for the rest of you here's the text: the divine command theory is the view of morality in which what is right is what god commands, and what is wrong is what god forbids this view is one that ties together morality in and religion in a way that is very.
Divine command metaethics modified again robert merrihew adams abstract this essay presents a version of divine command metaethics inspired by recent work of donnellan, kripke, and putnam on the relation between necessity and conceptual analysis what we can discover a priori, by conceptual. Theory, divine-command theory, woods-hit theory general idea, what is right is what god commands the best place to hit the ball is wherever tiger woods would hit it first interpretation, what is right is right because god commands it the best place to hit the ball is wherever tiger woods would hit it because that's where.
Divine command theory is the metaethical theory that an act is obligatory if and only if, and because, it is commanded by god it is often argued that divine command theory is confuted by the euthyphro dilemma (so named because a version of it first appeared in plato's dialogue euthyphro) which asks,. Roughly, divine command theory is the view that morality is somehow dependent upon god, and that moral obligation consists in obedience to god's commands divine command theory includes the claim that morality is ultimately based on the commands or character of god, and that the morally right. Divine command theory is a meta-ethical theory which proposes that an action's status as morally good is equivalent to whether it is commanded by god the theory asserts that what is moral is determined by what god commands, and that for a person to be moral is to follow his commands followers of both monotheistic.