Export diversification and export-oriented activities, the development of stronger backward linkages, and the upgrading of the export-oriented legislation in bangladesh are addressed this study also tried to explore the contribution of epz in national economy, branding of products, export-incentives,. During 2008-09 to 2011-12 fiscal years the enterprises of epz exported goods worth us$ 1331 billion which was around 1724% of the last 04 years national export with the increase of export, the contribution of epzs to the total national export quantum is also mounting every year export mounting us$ 1331 bllion. The initiative was launched in 1994 with so much hope that it would revive the export sector and contribute significantly to national economic growth but it has failed to deliver 10 years down the line epzs contribution to export earnings and employment creation has remained very low compared to similar. This exploratory report suggests that changes taking place in the global market mean that export processing zones (epzs), and special economic zones (sezs) more generally, can be restructured as centres of excellence for sustainable development such restructuring would increase the appeal of epzs to multinational. The bangladesh export processing zone authority (bepza) is an agency of the government of bangladesh and is administered out of the prime minister's office its objective is to manage the various export processing zones in bangladesh bepza currently oversees the operations of eight export processing zones (epz. Mr hafeni ndemula, formerly national union of namibian workers • mr cleophas ngwena, namibia hold most epz jobs although about 16 technicians and managers are foreign nationals (british, chinese, german placed on topics which highlight the role of epz in the industrial development of developing countries. Comprehensive assessment of the direct and indirect impacts of the epzs on the national economy of bangladesh and (ii) however, epzs contribute to the optimum use of land in the country out of 117 enterprises increasing role of epzs in foreign exchange earnings of the country – annual growth rate at around 15.
Than 20 years ago some countries have made the promotion of such zones central to their economic development strategies, while others have questioned their contribution to national development meanwhile, the increasing implementation of international trade rules mean that some of the traditional incentives for epzs,. This shows an increase of 10738% the export earnings from epzs crosses billion dollar mark in the last four years bepza represents average 18% of total national export during the last four years year total export of bangladesh (m us$) total export of epzs (m us$) % of bepza's contribution (m us$) 1994- 1995. Foreign exchange earned through exports by epz enterprises reduces deficits in the country balance of payments a part of it is converted into local currency to be spent on procurement of goods and services from the local economy bepza's contribution to national export was 269% in 1990-91 and 1744% 2005-2006. Sector in the analysis to evaluate the contribution of foreign capital inflow in the epzs in engendering backward linkages in the host economy it is shown that if the intermediate good is internationally traded, then an increase in foreign capital inflow in the epzs has no effect on national income of the host country however.
Nigeria adopted the export processing zone development strategy in 1992 via decree no 63 to among other things economy, with oil export as a percentage of total national exports from 1981 to 2010 reaching an average of 95 contribute substantially to the well-being of the nation's economy there was therefore the. The bangladesh export processing zones authority (bepza) is the official organ of the government to promote, attract and facilitate foreign investment in the of the epzs is worthwhile in terms of the national resources deployed and the role the existing epzs play in expediting the process of industrialization in bangladesh.
In most countries in the sample – across asia, africa, latin america and the caribbean – exports from epzs continue to contribute a major share of national exports figure 5 shows epz exports as a share of national exports for 2002 and 2006 in many countries, epz exports continued in 2006 to account for. In terms of the contribution that epzs have made to national economies in terms of employment, exports, and fdi inflows but, constructing valid benefit-cost models is very difficult because of the often narrow or confused definitions of the economic and welfare effects of epzs and because of the problems of quantifying such. Despite the importance of the phenomenon, there is surprisingly little empirical evidence for evaluating these programmes in the context of developing countries under the nicaraguan legislation, epz status is granted to foreign or national private firms oriented towards the export of goods and services that meet a certain. Generations, models and regional variations in export processing zones13 the evolution of epzs this points toward the importance of new competitiveness factors in developing country manufacturing, in changing national trade regimes, the world bank and the imf have tended to relate to epzs through the.
Considerable expansion of export processing zones (epzs) in recent years such zones are improve the transfer of technology and the acquisition of skills by the national work force this paper importance of epzs in the global economy, a significant expansion of investment in such zones can be noted this is. Political economy of the concept of export processing zones and its contribution to the national economy kazal asgar deputy manager (enterprise services) bangladesh export processing zones authority (bepza) dhaka bea membership no 2516 after liberation the newly independent bangladesh aspired to boost up. National union of namibian workers nida namibia 1 m engman, o onodera & e pinali 'export processing zone: past and future role in trade and development' (2007) 8 25 unctad 'enhancing the contribution of export processing zones to the sustainable development goals: an analysis of 100. To sum up, new theories developed since the 1980s posit that epzs play a crucial initiating role in the development of national industrial capacity by: 1) offering a platform for internationally mobile productive units, 2) creating an environment conducive to promote investment and exports, 3) initiating a shift in the orientation.
Their financial support which contributed to the production of this publication imprint südwind institut für ökonomie und ökumene südwind 2010 • the informal economy and export processing zones summary sult of the deregulation and opening of national markets, global competition has grown, subse. Abstract- the export processing zone (epz) has been playing a vital role in bangladesh economy after 1990 although for keywords: epzs performance investment, export volume, employment and bepzs performance gjmbr-b classification bepzas was $4841mn, only 2% of overall national investment within of. Much deserved jobs for the unemployed youth the epz program has made her share of contribution to kenya's economy especially employment creation, attraction of new investments and value addition in terms of local resource utilization (domestic expenditure) among others this report provides insight to the national.
Abstract this paper examines the contribution of export processing zones ( epz) to employment creation in kenya the results suggest that employees in non-epz businesses are better paid than those in the epz firms in the epz employ more women than the kenyan national average, although the proportion is less. The ilo report identifies five factors that contribute to this unsatisfactory state of affairs: most zone operating countries have the ilo report finds that in most but not all of the major epz operating countries the national labour and industrial- relations legislations are applicable in the zones the report notes that in singapore,. There are now over 4,000 epzs, which is over 3,000 more than 20 years ago some countries have made the promotion of such zones central to their economic development strategies, while others have questioned their contribution to national development meanwhile, the increasing implementation of. National labour markets can only reap the full benefits from trade liberalization when the country's economic and social sectors are able to adapt to emerging patterns (see note 20) export processing zones (epz) that have contributed to the export success of many developing countries in east and south east asia and.
Three quarters of the total for all zones is accounted for by epzs by cross- referencing a variety of statistics from reliable sources (eg, data from the us foreign-trade zones board 2002 on the contribution of american zones to us and inter- national trade), we were able to confirm this figure with reasonable confidence. Like many countries, sri lanka has used export processing zones as a means of promoting manufactured exports this article uses a cost-benefit approach to estimate the returns to the national economy from the main zones contribution to epz firms (np) this is profit net of the original equity contri- bution 5 thus.