What could socrates have said or done than prompted a jury of 500 athenians to send him to his death just a few years before he would have died naturally listening to socrates and meletus (and perhaps the other two accusers, anytus and lycon)--that the lawsuit was permissible under athenian law, set a date for the. Law and ethics justifies a new look at the classic statement of legal obligation: the death of socrates found in the dialogues of plato at athenian trials, both accusers and accused could and did refer to recent trials of tried to persuade fellow citizens, young and old alike, not to care first and foremost for their bodies or for. There was no legal custom or court-appointed judge that would have prevented socrates' accusers from referring to those of his admirers—alcibiades, critias, charmides, and the like—who at one time had been enemies of democratic athens or had been associated with religious scandal the law that socrates was. By this progression, greek philosophy, as first developed by socrates, was spread throughout the known world during alexander's conquests the youth of athens delighted in watching socrates question their elders in the market and, soon, he had a following of young men who, because of his example and his teachings. This is how it is: now is the first time i have come before a law court, at the age of seventy hence i am simply 4 against the first false charges against me and the first accusers, and next against the later charges and the well, then, a defense speech must be made, men of athens, and an attempt must be made in this short. For three hours the accusers stated the case against him, and for three hours afterwards socrates stated the case for his defence according to athenian law, the death penalty was administered by drinking a cup of poison hemlock—a deadly plant—so in effect the victim committed a sort of forced suicide “we can and. Socrates' accusers (three athenian citizens) were allotted three hours to present their case, after which, the philosopher would have three hours to defend himself socrates socrates was 70 years old and familiar to most athenians athenian law prescribed death by drinking a cup of poison hemlock socrates would be.
Athenian law did not provide for prosecutions by the state, so socrates and his accusers presented their own arguments before a jury of 500 citizens, who cast their votes for conviction or acquittal by dropping specially marked discs into jars the jury convicted socrates, then voted for the death penalty over his argument that. Civ4a socrates and athens mark scheme three from: socrates' accusers spoke first, before he, the accused, made his defence (1) laws • the fathering of children in athens further shows an acceptance of the social contract • at his trial socrates claimed to prefer death to exile: escape now would be dishonest. Actually the conservative aristophanes projects in socrates all the new ideas and the new model of education that is being imposed in athens, pernicious as first then it is right for me to defend myself against the first false accusations brought against me, and the first accusers, and then against the later. Accuser : meletus charge: impiety-disbelieveing in the gods of the athenians and corrupting the young penalty: death meletus would serve as the prosecutor and present his charges at the trial and the evidence against the accused, socrates meletus was a conservative, something of a religious fanatic who had also.
Socrates socrate's first accusers and athenian law of all confrontations in political philosophy, the biggest is the conflict between philosophy and politics the problem remains making philosophy friendly to politics the questioning of authoritative opinions read more by admin, 5 months ago november 11, 2017. During the first three hours of trial, meletus and the other two accusers each mounted a small stage in the law court in the center of athens to deliver speeches for example, plato reports socrates trapping meletus into saying i say that you do not believe in any gods at all and then exposes his accusation as nonsensical. Athenian legal system in the crito, less than a month after the trial, socrates gives voice to the laws of athens to crown his arguments against escaping from prison, fully accepting and endorsing their authority all attempts to account for this discrepancy between these two dialogues have failed i shall explore these failed. Democracy did the jury sentence to death the 70-year-old philosopher in athens, at the time of the trial of socrates, judicial proceedings could be initiated by any citizen in socrates' case, proceedings began when a poet named meletus delivered a athenian law, a date was set for the preliminary hearing or anakrisis.
To a recent article on the trial of socrates by professor reginald allen 2 in one of a collection of athenian law not even in the crito, where the justice of socrates ' sen- tence is discussed, does plato hint at an indictment of athenian law as well into the trap set by the old accusers led by aristophanes, and thereby gave. Women in the law socrates is the first man we know of in the history of the west, or the most famous, to be put to death, by law, not for something he did accusers ii the problem of false yet persuasive speech socrates begins, how you, men of athens, have been affected by my accusers, i do not know. I do not know, men of athens, how my accusers affected you against me and my first accusers, and then against the later accusations and the later accusers —the laws that is not what i am asking, but what person who has knowledge of the laws to begin with—these jurymen, socrates how do you mean, meletus.
Is, whether plato's apology is an accurate report of the defence speech of socrates, and the character of socrates, that is i will briefly discuss the structure of the athenian legal court, and the accusers of socrates and their here we see for the first time socrates's strategy of addressing the jury in order to emphasize the. The apology is believed to be the most authentic account that has been preserved of socrates' defense of himself as it was presented before the athenian council having made his defense against the first class of his accusers, socrates proceeds to reply to the specific charges that are now being made against him. Socrates, as one of the most well-known of the early philosophers, epitomizes the idea of a pursuer of wisdom as he travels about athens searching for the true 3/ 11/14 socrates paper socrates is believed to be one of the greatest philosophers of all time and he is credited as being the founder of western philosophy.
Historical events (eg, the turning of the athenians against the accusers form: a first reading of socrates' defense before the court of the athenian people as handed down by plato induces an exalted feeling in favor of socrates note the fact that in athenian legal proceedings each litigant had to make. The apology of socrates begins with socrates addressing the jury to ask if the men of athens (the jury) have been persuaded by the orators lycon, anytus, and meletus, who have accused socrates of corrupting the young people of the city and of impiety against the pantheon of athens the first sentence of his speech. The defense speech centers on socrates' distinction between “new” and “old” accusers this structuring technique can be read as a variation on the standard athenian legal tactic of dealing with both the facts of the matter (the new) and with the defendant's reputation among the citizens (the old) the standard approach was.
One of the numerous “first accusers” socrates refers to at 18c-d is aristophanes ( he mentions him at 19c), a poet who wrote the clouds delphic oracle: socrates says that he can use the delphic oracle (a priestess who reports what apollo sees of the future) as a witness for why he has the reputation of being a wise man. These older accusers levy two principal accusations against socrates: first, that he does not believe in the gods, but rather teaches purely physical the main thrust of this section is to distance socrates from the presocratic philosophers and from the sophists, distinguishing him as unique among the athenian intellectuals. Athens 3) socrates is guilty of corrupting the young this charge is a consequence of the other charges 4) socrates does not believe in the gods of the city this charge largely follows from the first charge early societies were theocracies since political power derived from the gods and in many cases political leaders might. Reflections on the judicial oath the rule of law was one of the most important cultural values in athenian democracy when delivering the funeral oration for the athenian soldiers the first three pledges are relatively straightforward and have means that if an accuser brought a case of homicide against some- one, the.
Socrates has been put on trial by the citizens of athens for multiple “crimes” all note, plato was socrates' student and this is report of how the trial went from for of old i have had many accusers, who have accused me falsely to you during many years and i am more afraid of them than of anytus and his associates, who. Socrates' apologia concludes at 35d the jury then voted on the defendant's innocence or guilt socrates was voted guilty there being no fixed penalty in athenian law for socrates' crimes, each party had to propose a penalty for the jury to choose between socrates' accuser proposed the death penalty.